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A meta-analysis of studies with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory in fibromyalgia patients

Show simple item record Novo, R. Gonzalez, B. Peres, R. Aguiar, P. 2017-05-03T09:50:02Z 2017-05-03T09:50:02Z 2017-04-13
dc.description.abstract The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) has been widely used to assess personality and psychopathology in patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia, and the results have been contradictory. This work aims primarily at analysing whether the available empirical results with this instrument allow for a conclusion about personality traits and psychopathology of patients with fibromyalgia. Complementary, we evaluated whether the MMPI was able to discriminate these patients from healthy control groups. We carried a search on Medline, sycINFO and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, about studies evaluating personality and psychopathology of fibromyalgia patients with the MMPI, and the reference lists of retrieved studies were scanned for additional articles. A total of 11 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included. The hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria and schizophrenia scales were the more frequently elevated clinical scales across the included studies. A statistically significant heterogeneity was observed in all clinical scales. This meta-analysis confirmed the existence of a significant elevation in the neurotic triad. The considerable heterogeneity suggests that the fibromyalgia population is a heterogeneous group regarding personality and psychopathology profiles. The MMPI showed to be able to discriminate female patients with fibromyalgia from healthy volunteers. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier Journal of Personality and Individual Differences,Volume 116, 1 October 2017, Pages 96–108 en_US
dc.subject Fibromyalgia, MMPI, Meta-analysis, Personality traits, Psychopathology en_US
dc.title A meta-analysis of studies with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory in fibromyalgia patients en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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